Abnormalities in sperm parameters are seen in almost half of all couples with infertility. It is usually important that the male partner (if applicable) undergoes a formal semen analysis to assess sperm number and quality. We recommend a man abstains from sex for two to four days before testing.
The semen analysis will asses sperm number (concentration), motility (how many are moving), and morphology (the microscopic shape). A normal sperm number (concentration) is greater than 20 million/mL. At least 50% of the sperm population should be moving. Finally, the shape or morphology of the sperm is determined.
An abnormal semen analysis may be repeated. Your physician may assess hormone levels or perform genetic screening in certain situations, especially if sperm count is very low or absent. Sometimes your physician may recommend a referral to a urologist specializing in male infertility. This can be an essential step toward family planning.
There is no time like the present to find out more about the quality of your semen. Fertility could be affected in a way you do not realize. We perform semen analyses in our Staten Island Richmond Valley and New Jersey offices Monday through Friday. Please call 718-948-6100 or 908-412-9909 for an appointment time.